The War Memorial Arch, better known as India Gate, a memorial to the 82,000 soldiers of the Indian army who gave their lives in World War I. The foundation stone of India Gate was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921 and it was designed by Edwin Lutyens.
The monument was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti or The Flame of the Immortal Soldier was added much later, after India got its independence. The structure consists of a black marble plinth with a reversed rifle, capped by a war helmet, bound by four urns, each with an eternal flame ‘jyoti’ which burns day and night under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their lives in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.